This is Fuko. She’s been alone for 9 years, and spends most of her time in this tiny indoor cell at Nagano Chasuyama Zoo in Japan. To cope with her impoverished conditions, Fuko paces in a meaningless repetitive pattern, over and over in her enclosure. Her pacing is an abnormal stereotypical behavior that is often seen in captive wild animals kept in substandard enclosures. They are often associated with boredom, anxiety, frustration and depression, and they mean that Fuko’s biological, behavioural and social needs are not being met.